Automation or automatic control, is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated.
The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor; however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic devices and computers, usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques.
- Reduced direct human labor costs and expenses
- Increased productivity
- Enhanced consistency of processes or product
- Delivery of quality products
Why is industrial automation so important?
The industrial world is facing many technological changes which increased the urgent demand for the premium quality products and services that can only be supplied by a high level of productivity. This requirement needs process engineering systems, automated manufacturing, and industrial automation.
Hence, industrial automation plays a key role in solving the requirements of companies. It is extremely significant to face the tasks of:
Globalization – Global industrial automation market demands superior, practical services
Productivity – Automation companies want to enhance their productivity by producing a higher level of Automation. The key factors include costs, time and quality.